President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, who came forward with the message of ““Focusing on people: Striving for peace and a decent life for all on a sustainable planet,” became the leader of the UN General Assembly. The speech delivered by President Erdoğan at the United Nations included many messages.
In fact, the speeches President Erdoğan gives each year at the UN General Assembly have turned into lessons on humanity. As President Erdoğan outlines the problems of underdeveloped countries together with the ones of developing countries, he becomes the voice of the geography where humanitarian crises run rampant.
Even though the statement “The world is bigger than five,” mentioned constantly by Erdoğan is an opposition to the formation of the Security Council that is comprised of five permanent members which are the U.S., Britain, France, China and Russia, it signifies a crucial representation.
This stance demonstrates to the entire world that societies must live with justice; it is important to care about others; the current international institutions and organizations have gone bankrupt, and socioeconomic inequalities cannot be sustained.
Accordingly, countries which will make decisions about the world’s peace, politics, economy and future should not be limited to the five countries mentioned above.
WHY IS THE WORLD BIGGER THAN FIVE?
Economic and political problems in the world cannot be solved through the perspective of 1945. The structure and problems of the world economy, and most importantly the burden of the countries on the world economy have been shifting. However, the current institutions and organizations are distant from these changes and it is obvious that they do not pay attention to them.
There is an unmistakable problem in terms of representation and comprehensiveness considering that there is no nation representing Muslim countries and that Muslims, who constitute almost one-third of the world’s population, are not involved in international institutions and the UN.
Globally, the economy and power balance of politics are shifting from the developed countries we refer to as the West toward the developing countries, namely newly growing countries. Developing countries such as Turkey which are positioned within the world economy must become more visible in international institutions and organizations.
Numerous crisis, conflicts and endless cruelty across many regions of the world clearly indicate that the institutions and organizations that emerged after 1945 are insufficient. I assume the Palestine problem that has continued for many years, the cruelty that Rohingya Muslims are subjected to and the situation in Syria and Iraq summarize this.
One of the most significant reasons why African countries could not recover from debt crises, other catastrophes and poverty is that international institutions and organizations are focused only on “pretending” to provide aid, and fail to implement effective policies.
In fact, many things can be said on this topic…
ALTERNATIVES TO CURRENT INTERNATIONAL INSTITUTIONS AND ORGANIZATIONS SHOULD BE DEVELOPED
For justice, equality, peace and security in the world, re-structuring the subsidiaries of the UN is as important as reforming the UN itself.
On the other hand, the fact that institutions such as the IMF, which was established to overcome the impacts of the short-term financial crisis that countries faced after 1945, has deepened the economic crisis in those countries, sparking criticism about the economic policies of such institutions to increase.
When the IMF is spoken of today, it brings crisis to minds, and poverty and debt to countries. However, the purpose of establishing this institution was to eliminate such problems.
Moreover, the increasing questions about the effectiveness of institutions such as the World Bank, which provides long-term development aid, also leads to the increased need for alternative institutions and organizations.
That is why developing countries, especially Turkey, should push for this change and transformation. Given the current situation of the chaos, conflict and unfair practices of the world, it is evident that it is high time for developing countries to adopt new alternatives to initiate change and transformation.