Turkey has been facing allegations claiming that it is “a supporter of ISIL”. All actors hostile to Turkey, including the parallel structure and the outlawed PKK, are carrying out perception management about Turkey. What is ISIL, who is it and how did it emerge? Nobody asks these questions. ISIL is an organization which emerged as a result of the U.S.'s aggressive policies in the Middle East. In a way, ISIL is the illegitimate child of the U.S. Alright, when did ISIL materialize? It materialized when the U.S. was administering Iraq as an occupying force. ISIL emerged when the U.S. ruled over Iraq and reached today under the guardianship of the U.S. There are many excuses for it. You see, it is claimed that the U.S. tortured Saddam's guards at Abu Ghurayb prison, so much that they established the organization after they got out of prison, etc. All of these do not hide the reality of the U.S. from view.
The U.S., with its illegitimate child, wants to re-design the Middle East. Whoever opposes the policies of the U.S. finds ISIL facing it. The most explicit example of this is ISIL's raiding of our consulate office in the Iraqi city of Mosul and taking hostage 49 of our citizens. During the 101 days of captivity, cards had been reshuffled in the Middle East. However, Turkey had to act more cautiously as its citizens were held as hostages. The occupation of Mosul did not only put Turkey in a difficult situation, it also subdued the Baghdad government which was getting closer to Iran and gave life line support to ISIL, whose arms were running out. While ISIL militants were marching towards Mosul with hundreds of Toyota pickup trucks, Iraqi soldiers left the armored vehicles and weapons -given to them by the U.S. - to ISIL, and fled to Baghdad by hitchhiking.
Turkey saved its citizens who were taken hostage and broke its chains, and said “I'm here too.” ISIL attacked Kobani. Not to mention the fact that they did it by U.S. weapons that they acquired during the occupation of Mosul. Back then, the co-chair of the pro-Kurdish Peoples' Democratic Party (HDP) Selahattin Demirtaş –who returned to Turkey after having important meetings in North Carolina- called on the PKK to take to the streets. In the October 6-7-8 incidents, 53 of our citizens were massacred, in a barbaric way, similar to the ferocity of ISIL.
By opening its doors to refugees following the first attack against Kobani, Turkey saved the lives of thousands of innocent civilians. The people of Kobani who sought refuge in Turkey stayed in camps for months. The government provided their basic needs. Assistance was not only provided to the innocent civilians. While the clashes were ongoing, trucks full of humanitarian aid were sent to Kobani from Turkey. The U.S. provided arms assistance from the air during the clashes. It did not neglect its illegitimate child even though they did it as a mistake. It threw a round of arms to the PYD, and another to ISIL. It divided the arms equally, as you see. Meanwhile, it would be beneficial to remind you of the Peshmerge's passage to Kobani through Turkey.
Alright, is ISIL a terrorist organization, and is it more dangerous than the PKK or PYD? ISIL is the most brutal terrorist organization on the face of the earth. It certainly is more dangerous than the PKK and the PYD. ISIL is an organization which targets humanity and the Islamic civilization. An organization which targets the Muslim community of believers (Ummah) and Islam is of course more dangerous than the PKK/PYD.
But just because it fights ISIL, the PKK/PYD's terrorist identity cannot be put aside. The PKK/PYD is also a terrorist organization and had targeted Turkey for decades, killing thousands of our people. This organization, which still utters threats against Turkey, will remain to be a dangerous organization as long as it does not disarm.
Following ISIL's brutal bomb attack against Kobani, the same group has started blaming Turkey again. The goal here is to tie up Turkey's hands amidst the developments in Syria. Some circles which are terrified about the possibility of early elections act as the noisemaker for this job.
To which limits of the Constitution should Erdoğan retreat?
Days have passed after the June 7 elections. Many coalition scenarios are being discussed. One of the conditions of the opposition parties to join a coalition with the AK Party is: “President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan should retreat to his constitutional limits.”
Here is the Constitution whose borders Erdoğan will retreat to:
“The President is the head of the State. In this capacity, he/she shall represent the Republic of Turkey and the unity of the Turkish Nation; he/she shall ensure the implementation of the Constitution, and the regular and harmonious functioning of the organs of the State.
Executive power and duty are used and fulfilled by the President and the Cabinet in line with the Constitution and the laws.
To summon the Turkish Grand National Assembly to meet, when necessary, to promulgate laws,
to return laws to the Turkish Grand National Assembly to be reconsidered, to appeal to the Constitutional Court for an annulment in part or entirety of certain provisions of laws having the force of law, and the Rules of Procedure of the Turkish Grand National Assembly on the grounds that they are unconstitutional in form or in content, and to call new elections for the Turkish Grand National Assembly.
To appoint the Prime Minister and to accept his resignation, to preside over the Council of Ministers or to call the Council of Ministers to meet under his/her chairmanship whenever he/she deems it necessary, to represent the Commander-in-Chief of the Turkish Armed Forces on behalf of the Turkish Grand National Assembly, to decide on the use of the Turkish Armed Forces, to proclaim martial law or state of emergency, and to issue decrees having the force of law, in accordance with the decisions of the Council of Ministers convened under his/her chairmanship, to sign decrees, to appoint the members of the Higher Education Council, an to appoint rectors of universities.
To appoint the members of the Constitutional Court, one-fourth of the members of the Council of State, the Chief Public Prosecutor and the Deputy Chief Public Prosecutor of the High Court of Appeals, the members of the Military High Court of Appeals, the members of the Supreme Military Administrative Court and the members of the Supreme Council of Judges and Public Prosecutors.
No appeal shall be made to any legal authority, including the Constitutional Court, against the decisions and orders signed by the President on his/her own initiative.
The President may be impeached for high treason on the proposal of at least one-third of the total number of members of the Turkish Grand National Assembly, and by the decision of at least three-quarters of the total number of members.
If the opposition consents to these limits, they should have no doubt that President Erdoğan will stay within these limits.