Axial shift in Syria and the matter of understanding it

The Syrian war will probably go down as the most complicated, the most tragic and the most embarassing war in history. What has happened there has become the most painful and the most shameful tragedy for the Islamic world after Karbala. Muslims have never killed each other with such brutality and pleasure.

Syria will not be forgotten in terms of humanity. It is not the death toll approaching to one million, and the eight million refugees, which will make it unforgettable. The fact that the entire world watch the slaughter of women, children and innocents, and then try to emerge advantageous from this chaos is the actual shameful and unforgettable aspect of this war.

As Muslims or human beings, all of us have been objects, subjects or viewers of this shame and tragedy, and we will die like this. I doubt that we will see how and who will be held accountable in this world. That account looks like it’s for the after-world.


As someone who has been following the Syrian crisis from the very beginning, what I have witnessed most is that people have not been able to comprehend the Syrian crisis, its alliances and its axis completely. It is understandable. Because no other war has such a complicated alliance structure.

We have seen groups or governments, which formed alliances one week ago, become enemies one week later. Or, a country with which we had formed an alliance on the west side of the Euphrates, we became enemies on the east side.

Because of this, 50 years of alliances, 300 years of implicit nonaggression pacts and a thousand years of religious rules have changed with this war which has caused axis shifts.

This war set families and friends against each other and put them at each other’s throats.

When you look at the Syrian war from this perspective, it opened the lid of a box where the most hidden, the most shameful and the most painful sins of the Islamic world are kept. All the pus has squirted out. Those who killed children with chemical weapons no matter who they are, Assad or the opposition, have gone down in history as the collective shame of the Islamic world. We are at a point where we are almost ashamed of being Muslims.

I don’t want to even mention the great sins the West committed in this war. If they have the smallest conscience, they will see the kind of a life they will shamefully lead. Everything has happened in front of our eyes. We all saw what they did or did not do. One day, they will be among those who will be accountable for this. Like us.


Serious changes have been happening in the Syrian crisis recently which has become an unsolvable problem. Alliances and priorities are changing, and people have trouble understanding this. Everybody has already had difficulty in understanding this war since it began. It is very difficult for those who are not on the field and cannot see the alliances and conflicts there to understand the Syrian war.

I would like to say this to explain the issue better:

A second period is beginning in Syria. This is happening due to the emergence of a new axis.


The first axis emerged during the Shiite-Sunni conflict. Alliances of that axis were different. While the U.S., Turkey and Saudi Arabia were on one side of the axis, Russia, Iran and Syria were on the other. The bloc of Russia, Iran and Syria won the first conflict after Aleppo was captured by the regime. Thus, the first axis period ended. 

The second axis occurred in the conflict zone of ethnic identities. The current crisis is about that PKK/PYD trying to establish a boutique state with an ethnic and extremist ideology. 

Parties and alliances of this new axis have changed. The U.S., which left Turkey in the lurch in regards of its Syrian policy, Saudi Arabia which is in cooperation with the U.S. and Israel are on one side of the axis, while Turkey, Russia, Iran and Syria are on the other side. The countries which were enemies before are now forming alliances with each other. This is a typical irrational case of the Syrian crisis.


On the second axis, the primary security perception of each country has changed. While Turkey has seen Assad as a primary problem all along, now it sees the foundation of PKK/PYD state as a primary security threat. Keeping or sending Assad is a secondary problem now.

Like Turkey, primary security threats of Iran, the Damascus government and Russia have changed. Other countries on the other side of the axis are included in this. Everybody is forming new alliances and producing new paradigms according to this new axis.

The energy and tension which has accumulated in Idlib poses the danger that new alliances might turn into an actual battle on the field. This is the reason why the contracting countries continually come to Turkey or we go there. The Astana talks which will be held on Sept. 4 might pose a significant initiative or change in this issue.

In any case, this complicated and dirty war seems unlikely to end soon. As a result, poor civilians, innocent people and children in the meantime suffer. We wish this war of shame would end as soon as possible. I don’t think we should try to understand it.