The role Turkey played in Libya after stepping in upon the Libyan people’s call to prevent the coup and invasion, reveals the model that needs to be followed by international actors and, as a matter of fact, by the UN, to establish peace. If Turkey had not stepped in, there would currently be nothing for the Libyan people to discuss in Libya, the coup and invasion would have been finalized, and the division of the country would have been discussed. Yet now, a model that allows all sides of the Libyan population to discuss their future is functioning.
As a result, the dialogue that could not be set up previously because warlord Khalifa Haftar did not recognize any social power in Libya with the overwhelming support he received, is now being set up again and running. The roadmap meetings that kicked off in Tunisia last week towards building Libya’s future are being held with a 75-member committee to represent all factions of the country. In our last column, we drew attention to the efforts of the putschist and occupying powers who are up to their old tricks to achieve what they failed to accomplish through coups and invasions. Thus, the meetings were postponed to next week due to the dispute that could not be resolved with respect to the appointment of the presidency. Frankly, the real principle that requires reconciliation is the development of a joint stance against any solutions imposed on the people of Libya by way of coups.
Ever since Turkey joined the National Government of Accord in Libya, the state of civil war on the ground is rapidly being replaced by an atmosphere of peace and stability. The constant atmosphere of destruction is now being transformed into an atmosphere of re-establishment and re-structuring.
This is not Turkey’s only experience in areas of crisis. Turkey raced to the aid of the Syrian people, who have been living for years in an atmosphere of war, deprived of all security; and through the safe zones it formed, it started to ensure the life security of about 6 million Syrians. A majority of those living in these areas secured by Turkey started to rebuild their lives and took advantage of a stable atmosphere. Besides the 6 million people in Syria, Turkey has also borne the responsibility of the 4 million asylum seekers in Turkey.
Similarly stepping in in Nagorno-Karabakh, another crisis region that had been under occupation for 28 years, upon the call of the Azerbaijani public, Turkey established a solution there as well. Now, as a result, Armenia agreed to withdraw from the areas it has been occupying for years. Besides this peace pleasing the people of Azerbaijan by returning to them their occupied lands, it can be said that this will additionally lend great advantages to Armenia in the future. The only obstacle preventing Armenia from utilizing the advantages of sharing a border with Turkey was, after all, its dispute with Azerbaijan. When this dispute is over, there will be nothing to stop the restoration of historical ties between Turkey and Armenia within the frame of mutual respect and understanding.
Not to mention, Turkey has founding and positive roles in Somalia and Qatar. Meanwhile, there are those slamming Turkey, accusing it of meddling in Arab affairs. Yet, it is clear that they have dragged all the problems they undertook to solve into a deadlock during the last decade.
They did nothing other than cause a never-ending civil war in Libya.
Their intervention in Yemen for the last five years is not only far and beyond seeking a solution but has also further deepened the problem, dragging it into a dead end. The aim of the Operation Decisive Storm launched five years ago under the leadership of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) was to defend the legitimate government in Yemen against the Iran-backed Houthis that attempted to stage a coup against the legitimate government, and reinstate the administration. Yet, the Houthis could not be beaten throughout these five years. This, of course, is not because the Houthis possess extreme power. Regardless of the extent of support the Houthis get from Iran, it was impossible for them to continue a coup against the people of Yemen. However, while coalition forces were fighting the Houthis, they also pursued confidence-shaking policies that would weaken Yemen’s other forces.
Yet, it was never extremely difficult to establish peace and stability in Yemen. The people of Yemen want peace and stability anyway. Even if the ongoing dialogue atmosphere had remained as is, the process could have functioned without any intervention. However, considering all elements of Yemen as potential enemies in the present and the future, coalition forces implemented a strange balance policy. Their priority was never to bring peace and stability to the people of Yemen but to establish a government that would be obey them.
The way to bring stability to Yemen was to recognize all factions of the Yemeni public, and pave the road to a dialogue atmosphere that would ensure peaceful co-existence. It is impossible to ensure unity and integrity in a country through a policy that constantly uses one side against the other.
What is worse, the two big partners of the coalition follow policies that are miles apart from each other. Whenever it saw the need, the UAE never hesitated to underhandedly cooperate with the Houthis, even though the coalition is fighting against them. If both the Houthis, and supporters of Yemen’s socially-biggest, most organized and most legitimate force, Al-Islah Party (the Yemeni Congregation for Reform) are considered enemies, in order to establish superiority in Yemen, it would become necessary to totally destroy the Yemeni nation and import another group of people.
If a solution and stability is sincerely desired in Yemen, it is beneficial to learn from Turkey’s proven models of success in Syria, Libya, Somalia, and Azerbaijan.
But only if a solution is truly desired…