Today’s events are not independent from history.
Or if we use the more hackneyed phrase: those who don’t learn from history are doomed to repeat it.
This is also the reason that history was written in at least a quarter of a century.
Just as ancestors pass down their knowledge onto their offspring, nations and states pass down their rights and wrongs onto the next generation.
On the other hand, in terms of political history, region, country, citizens and leaders, the concepts of right and wrong are relative.
Most of the time it’s shaped not according to values but interests.
However when we take a look at the last two centuries, it can be ascertained that the East forms its alliances when making its wrong or right decisions based on an basis of value, whereas the West forms one along the basis of its interests.
As the East hesitates to put this alliance into action, the West continues playing like a game of chess with its established order, brigades of interests and its ever changing players.
When we consider the last quarter of the 19th century, we can see that the balances of the European Harmony which was established in 1815 started to falter and that the West was being dragged into a great chaos.
England, France, Germany and at times Russia with its erratic moves were the main players of politics in Europe at the time, with the U.S. not having much say in world politics; as for the Ottoman Empire, which was the representative of the East: well it had been benched from the game completely.
Western countries were starting to form certain blocs according to their interests in the last quarter of the 19th century.
On the one hand there was the new rising Germany, on the other there were France and England who were the pioneers of this bloc. Russia, Austria and sometimes Italy were the variables of these blocs, ie, crutches to be used as needed.
For example, after the Germans beat the French in the Battle of Sedan, Germany, Russia and Austria-Hungary had formed the League of the Three Emperors amongst themselves.
However this was one thing the West couldn’t stomach. Because Russia’s activities in the Balkan’s right under the nose of Western Europe could upset the established order.
So, the West’s established order made sure Russia was expelled from the league and thus this is how the league of two emperors was born between Germany, and Austria Hungary.
A while later, interestingly enough, when Italy became the pillar of this league, a tripartite alliance was formed.
The players were constantly shifting in this fickle board of chess. Of course France didn’t sit still and formed a military alliance with Russia, thus the sound of boots on the ground in the West were delayed, if only for a short amount of time.
England, who was another important catalyst of this era, carried this to another level.
By striking separate military deals with both France and Russia it paved the way for the First World War, which would determine the future of the 20th century.
The peace conference that convened in Paris is 1919 included the U.S. into the system and drew a new road-map for the West’s established order.
Even though it was allegedly a “peace conference,” the West’s adopted method was to feed off a chaos that looked like it was making peace.
As a matter of fact, when the Paris Conference was moved to London at the end of 1919, nothing was done except to reinforce this method.
The system of chaos that was reinforced in April 1920 in San Remo turned into the Treaty of Sevres and imposed on the Ottoman Empire in August 1920.
The aim was to eliminate the most important force in the East, which was seen as an impediment for the establishment of an entirely Western-oriented world order.
Even though it’s been a hundred years since then, the world still hasn’t been able to shake off the war’s effects, nor has it been able to lift the thick veil that conceals it.
However, the problems that it has left in its wake are important clues for us to understand that period. As the Ottoman Empire collapsed and the Middle East and North Africa region was formed, the continent of Africa went under complete Western tutelage.
The West was actually very successful in its endeavors, save for two instances.
The first is that Russia, which it couldn’t keep within the confines Of its own alliance, shifting to Bolshevism and established a separate world; the other was Turkey’s National Struggle in Anatolia, which stood against this oppression.
There’s no need to beat around the bush. There’s also no need to mention World War II which led to the dissatisfaction that this process has caused.
We’re in the first quarter of the 21st century and history has started to repeat itself.
As history of the new quarter is being written, the order of chaos belonging to the West with the leadership of the U.S. is currently undergoing deep tremors.
The claims that NATO is declining, that alliances are beginning to dissolve, that Europe is beginning to fight among itself, and that there is a pursuit for an alliance against Donald Trump are all indicators that the established order is on a knife’s edge.
China’s rise and Africa’s awakening are also the nightmares of this system.
The world is being reestablished. Just like in the first quarter of the 20th century, there are two sovereigns, two important players on stage: Turkey and Russia.
The West’s constant criticism of Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin is the result of these tremors.
The west’s biggest problems are: Turkey, which was kept within the Western alliance, acting independently after the Republic was formed and especially after it became a NATO member; and the fact that they were never able to bring Russia, by trying to tie it to the liberal world, to its knees after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.
The current hot topics of today such the Russian S-400 missiles, F-35 fighters jets, Daesh, the PKK/YPG terror groups and other problems are only the tip of this very large iceberg.
Thus, we need to interpret the relationship between leaders and the Erdoğan-Trump talks in this light as well.