President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin stressed close cooperation on regional issues and the economy in a phone call.
According to presidential sources, the two heads of state held the phone call on Friday evening.
Erdoğan and Putin discussed relations between Turkey and Russia and regional developments. The two leaders evaluated the de-escalation zones in Syria, especially in Idlib, and also discussed the Astana peace talks.
Erdoğan and Putin said they were pleased by the the mutual trade volume which has increased by 21.7 percent in the first eight months of 2017 compared to the same period of the previous year. The leaders spoke about business cooperation between the two countries in the fields of trade, economy and energy.
The two heads of state expressed that reciprocal visits contributed greatly to strengthening the cooperation between Turkey and Russia.
Russia gets 'advance payment' from Turkey for S-400
Moscow has received an "advance payment" from Turkey for the S-400 missile defense system, Russian presidential aide said Friday."The contract has entered into force, the advance payment was made," Vladimir Kozhin said, according to Russia's official TASS news agency.The issue of transferring technology of S-400 production to Ankara has not been discussed yet, he added.On Sept. 13, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan indicated that Turkey went ahead with the purchase of Russia’s S-400 missile system because it was tired of waiting for another supplier.Erdogan's remarks came a day after Kozhin confirmed that a contract had been signed, without giving an exact date."I can merely guarantee that all of the decisions made under this contract strictly agree with our strategic interests," he told TASS.The deal, which is believed to have a value of around $2.5 billion, has caused concern among Turkey’s NATO allies, who say the Russian air defense system is incompatible with NATO systems.However, the Kremlin has defended Turkey’s purchase of the S-400, saying: "No one has the right to criticize Russia and Turkey for military-technical cooperation, which is carried out in strict accordance with international law and is not directed against any third countries."In recent years, Turkey has sought to build its domestic defense industry to reduce reliance on foreign suppliers.The S-400 is Russia’s most advanced long-range anti-aircraft missile system and can carry three types of missiles capable of destroying targets including ballistic and cruise missiles.It can track and engage up to 300 targets at the same time and has an altitude ceiling of 27 kilometers (17 miles).On Monday, Turkish Defense Industry Undersecretary Ismail Demir said delivery of the missile system would begin within two years.Russia rejects criticism of missile deal with TurkeyS-400 to be delivered to Turkey in ‘minimum 2 years’
Turkey, Russia back Iraq, Syria's territorial integrity
Ankara and Moscow agree on the territorial integrity of Iraq and Russia, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan said Thursday.Erdogan's remarks came after a meeting with his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin in capital Ankara."We have discussed regional issues including Iraq and Syria. We both agree on the territorial integrity of Iraq and Syria," Erdogan told a news conference with Putin."As Turkey and Russia, we have reconfirmed our determination to maintain our joint will and close cooperation to find a political solution for the Syrian conflict," he said.The president also commented on Monday's illegitimate Kurdish independence referendum in northern Iraq, and reiterated that it had "no legitimacy" in terms of Iraqi constitution and international law.The referendum saw Iraqis in Kurdish Regional Government-controlled areas -- and in a handful of territories disputed between Erbil and Baghdad, including ethnically mixed Kirkuk and Mosul -- vote on whether or not to declare independence.Official preliminary results revealed that 93 percent of voters backed Kurdish independence, although the vote was widely criticized by the international community.Along with Iraq’s central government, Turkey, the U.S., Iran, and the UN had spoken out against the poll, warning it would distract from the ongoing fight against Daesh and further destabilize the region.De-escalation zones in SyriaPutin said the establishment of de-escalation zones in Syria had given "significant momentum" to the Geneva process, referring to the peace talks between the Syrian regime and opposition envoys.""It was really difficult to carry out the workings of these de-escalation zones," Putin said, adding however, an important achievement had been made thanks to Erdoğan's efforts and will in this regard.During a meeting in Kazakh capital Astana on May 4, the guarantor countries -- Russia, Turkey, and Iran -- signed a deal to establish de-escalation zones in Syria.A December cease-fire in Syria brokered by three countries led to the Astana talks, which are being held in parallel to UN-backed discussions in Geneva, to find a political solution to the six-year conflict.Syria has been locked in a vicious civil war since 2011, when the Assad regime cracked down on pro-democracy protests with unexpected ferocity. Since then, hundreds of thousands of people have been killed in the conflict, according to the UN.