Following their stellar success on the battlefield in Karabakh and Libya, Turkey’s globally lauded drones are now ruling the skies of Ukraine as tensions with Russia mount over the breakaway region of Donbas.
According to a report by the Türkiye Gazetesi, Ukraine is said to be carrying out drills using Turkey’s nationally produced TB2 combat drones, which Kiev had purchased from Ankara in 2019, over the Black Sea and along the border of the flashpoint Donbas region.
On March 30, Ruslan Homchak, the commander-in-chief of the Ukrainian Armed Forces, said Russia deployed its military near the Ukrainian border for “military exercises.”
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov in turn said Russia moved its armed forces within its territory "at its own discretion” and “it doesn’t pose any threat to anyone.”
Russian forces entered Ukraine's Crimean Peninsula in February 2014, with President Vladimir Putin formally dividing the region into two separate federal subjects of the Russian Federation the following month.
Turkey sold a total of six Bayraktar TB2 drones and three ground controls stations to Ukraine in 2019.
It is said that Ukraine is preparing to order additional drones to beef up its naval forces in 2021.
Turkey’s combat drones had reportedly destroyed the Russian-made Pantsir missile systems in Syria, Libya and Nagorno-Karabakh, as Ankara’s deployment of UAVs was credited for the victories clenched by Turkey’s allies from Asia to Africa.
The Bayraktar TB2 armed UAV, which was developed and manufactured by Turkish defense company Baykar Technologies, has been used by the Turkish Armed Forces and the country’s Security Directorate since 2015, most recently credited for Azerbaijan’s military success in the Karabakh conflict.
The TB2 armed UAV was developed for tactical reconnaissance and surveillance missions; it can also carry ammo and conduct assaults with a laser-target designator.
Turkish drones cost between $1 million to 2$ million each, while the British army is said to spend over $20 million on one drone alone, according to a report by the Guardian.
The report cited a quote by Ben Wallace, the U.K. defense secretary, who said that Turkish TB2 drones were an example of how other countries were now “leading the way.”
‘US army goes to school to learn secrets of Turkey’s drone strategy in Karabakh’
The U.S. army is said to have been busy analyzing footage from the Nagorno-Karabakh conflict in order to share lessons learned from Turkey’s successful drone strategy with military leaders and soldiers, according to a report by Foreign Policy (FP).According to the website article, titled “The U.S. Army Goes to School on Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict,” generals are being briefed on what has been “learned from hours of poring over footage from the Nagorno-Karabakh fight,” where Turkey’s globally lauded drones played a decisive role in securing victory for allied Azerbaijan.“You can see video of tanks being hit by an unmanned aerial system, artillery positions being hit by an unmanned aerial system, troops being hit by an unmanned aerial system,” Col. Scott Shaw, the outgoing head of the Army’s Asymmetric Warfare Group, was quoted as saying in the FP report.Turkey’s ‘imaginative employment’ of drones exemplary for UK: MoD reportErdogan says Saudi Arabia wants to purchase Turkish-made combat dronesItaly urged to emulate Turkey’s ‘armed drone carrier’ projectTurkey’s drone strategy has garnered worldwide praise, prompting many countries to reassess their defense strategies in light of Ankara’s recent success in altering the balance on the battlefield in Libya, Syria and Nagorno-Karabakh.“When Azerbaijan took over the skies in its fight with Armenia over the disputed enclave of Nagorno-Karabakh last fall, winning the air war with commercial Turkish and kamikaze drones, one thing started to become clear to U.S. Army strategists: It’s becoming easier to hunt and kill troops than ever before—and to do so on the cheap,” read the FP report.The report went on to point that Azerbaijan relied on Turkish-made TB2 drones to shrink the battlefield and obliterate Armenia’s armored forces.“During the six-week conflict, Azerbaijan deployed Turkish Bayraktar TB2 drones and loitering munitions to shrink the battlefield and chip away at Armenia’s armored forces as well as the logistical tail that hadn’t even reached the front lines.”The Bayraktar TB2 armed UAV was developed and manufactured by Turkish defense company Baykar Technologies.It has been used by the Turkish Armed Forces and Turkey's Security Directorate since 2015, most recently credited for Azerbaijan’s military success in the Karabakh conflict.Earlier this month, Ankara’s “imaginative employment” of UAVs in Libya and Nagorno-Karabakh was highlighted as a model for the U.K. to emulate, according to a recent report by the British Ministry of Defense, as Turkey’s role in NATO was highlighted and its use of drones in Libya and the Karabakh conflict served as an example of new defense technologies.
Turkey’s ‘imaginative employment’ of drones exemplary for UK: MoD report
Turkey’s drone-fueled success on the battlefield throughout 2020 continues to cause ripples as Ankara’s “imaginative employment” of UAVs in Libya and Nagorno-Karabakh was highlighted as a model for the U.K. to emulate, according to the latest report by the British Ministry of Defense.In a corporate report prepared by the British Ministry of Defense titled “Defence in a competitive age,” Turkey’s role in NATO was highlighted and its use of drones in Libya and the Karabakh conflict served as an example for “imaginative employment” of new defense technologies.The report stresses Turkey’s “crucial” role as a NATO ally in securing wider regional security and assisting in the fight against terrorism.“[Turkey] is dealing directly with Russia’s military interventions in the Mediterranean and Black Sea regions. We will work to cement a long-term relationship on operations (including NATO reassurance measures), capabilities and industrial co-operation.”The report also warns that the U.K. is losing its technological advantage as more countries invest in defense capabilities to counter Britain’s strengths.“Our historic technological advantage is being increasingly challenged by targeted investment in capabilities designed to counter our strengths and challenge strategic stability, such as hypersonic missiles to defeat missile defenses, and nuclear-powered cruise missiles.”The report, which outlines the U.K.’s vision for 2030, alludes to Turkey’s success in deploying drones on the battlefield in several conflicts such as the ones in Libya and Nagorno-Karabakh, where UAVs wracked havoc on traditional air defense systems and armored vehicles.“The imaginative employment of relatively low-cost capabilities is challenging highly capable air defense and electronic warfare systems or heavily armored forces, as we have seen in Libya and Nagorno-Karabakh respectively.”The MoD report also indirectly acknowledged Turkey’s success in harnessing civilian innovation in the field of defense, in a nod to the country’s thriving entrepreneurial spirit in developing new defense technologies.“These advanced conventional weapons are increasingly available to a wider range of state actors. Some countries are also adopting a military-civil fusion approach towards the development of new technologies, harnessing civilian innovation for the benefit of their defense capabilities.” Italy urged to emulate Turkey’s ‘armed drone carrier’ projectTB2 drones on Georgia’s radars: We want to follow in Turkey’s footsteps‘Turkey’s TB2 drones rapidly altering regional balance’In December, a report by U.K. news website The Guardian had revealed that the British military is expected to follow the example of Turkey’s success as it embarks on a new armed drone program with a focus on “cheaper and more effective” unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) after Azerbaijan used Turkish drones to secure its historic victory against Armenia in Karabakh.The Bayraktar TB2 armed UAV, which was developed and manufactured by Turkish defense company Baykar Technologies, has been used by the Turkish Armed Forces and the country’s Security Directorate since 2015, most recently credited for Azerbaijan’s military success in the Karabakh conflict.The TB2 armed UAV was developed for tactical reconnaissance and surveillance missions; it can also carry ammo and conduct assaults with a laser-target designator.Turkish drones cost between $1 million to 2$ million each, while the British army is said to spend over $20 million one one drone alone.The Guardian report also cited a quote by Ben Wallace, the U.K. defense secretary, who said that Turkish TB2 drones were an example of how other countries were now “leading the way.”
Italy urged to emulate Turkey’s ‘armed drone carrier’ project
Italy is being urged to follow in Turkey’s footsteps after Ankara launched a project aimed at transforming its biggest warship, the TCG Anadolu, into the world’s first-ever drone carrier.An article, posted on prominent Italian defense website Difesaonline, cites a February interview with Turkish head of Defense Industries İsmail Demir, in which he discusses the “unprecedented” project."We believe that drones of different sizes, capable of taking off and landing (on a ship) and having assault capabilities, should be deployed aboard the Anadolu," Demir told NTV.The article then stresses the importance of such a project, urging Rome to “start carrying out experiments” on a drone capable of taking off from Italy’s multi-role offensive warship Trieste.“Developing a drone that can take off from a naval platform to carry out reconnaissance and combat tasks would allow for the integration of the capabilities of the Naval and Air forces, as well as equip the new amphibious assault unit, Trieste, with an attack vector to support amphibious operations.” The process of transforming the TCG Anadolu, which was originally designed to be a helicopter carrier, into an assault drone ship will involve deploying 30 to 50 Bayraktar TB3 drones, which will have folding wings, onto the ship. Bayraktar TB3 models, an upgrade from the TB2 that has proven its capabilities across the Middle East, will thus be able to take off and land using the deck of the TCG Anadolu, according to Demir. It is said that at least ten Bayraktar TB3 combat drones can be used in operations simultaneously through the command center set to be integrated into the TCG Andadolu.Top Azerbaijan official hails Turkey's Bayraktar dronesTurkey'sTB2 drone sets new record by completing 300,000-hour flight timeTB2 drones on Georgia’s radars: We want to follow in Turkey’s footstepsBest of their kind: Turkey’s TB2 drones featured in Netflix’s latest spy series