Jordanians on Thursday staged two separate demonstrations near the U.S. embassy in Amman to protest U.S. President Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel's capital.
Hundreds of demonstrators shouted angry slogans against the move, demanding the closure of the U.S. embassy in Jordan and calling for the annulment of the 1994 Wadi Araba Peace Agreement between Jordan and Israel.
Protesters waved Palestinian flags and images of Jerusalem’s iconic Al-Aqsa Mosque, along with banners reading, “Jerusalem is Palestine’s eternal capital” and "Jordanians reject this decision".
Hours after Trump announced the decision on Wednesday, hundreds of Jordanians took to the streets in Amman to register their rejection of the U.S. move.
In a related development, Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas met with Jordan’s King Abdullah II in Amman on Thursday to forge a joint response to the U.S. policy shift with a view to “safeguarding Jerusalem’s holy places”.
On Wednesday, Trump announced his decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital in a move that has drawn condemnation from both government and non-government actors across the Middle East.
Along with setting the U.S. at odds with much of the international community, the move reverses decades of U.S. Middle East policy and will likely damage efforts to restart Israel-Palestine peace talks.
Intifada: From civil disobedience to armed resistance
The first Palestinian Intifada erupted in late 1987 when an Israeli military vehicle struck a car, killing four Palestinian passengers.The incident triggered massive street demonstrations that quickly spread across the occupied West Bank, Gaza Strip and Jerusalem.Over the next six years, street protests transformed into an organized campaign of civil disobedience -- and armed resistance -- against Israel’s decades-long occupation of Palestine.Hundreds of Palestinians and scores of Israelis were killed in the violence, including civilians from both sides.Resistance movement Hamas was established shortly after the uprising began and played a major role organizing resistance operations against Israel.The Intifada, which ended in 1993 with the signing of the Oslo Accords, was followed by a second, much deadlier uprising.In 1999, U.S.-backed peace talks between Israel and the Palestinian Authority, which was created by the Oslo Accords, collapsed.A year later, right-wing Israeli leader Ariel Sharon visited Jerusalem’s Al-Aqsa Mosque, Islam’s third holiest site.Sharon’s provocative visit to the flashpoint site prompted a fresh wave of Palestinian protest and resistance, both in the occupied territories and inside Israel itself.The second Intifada, which left more than 4,400 Palestinians dead and thousands more injured, ended with Israel’s 2005 military withdrawal from the Gaza Strip.A third spate of Israeli-Palestinian violence erupted in October 2015 after Israeli security forces repeatedly stormed the Al-Aqsa Mosque compound in Jerusalem.Referred to as the Third Intifada, the Intifada of the Knives or the Jerusalem Uprising, this wave of unrest -- which left 160 Palestinians and 26 Israelis dead -- tapered out in early 2016 amid a massive Israeli security crackdown.Clashes between Israeli troops, Palestinian protesters in West Bank, GazaEast Jerusalem businesses closed as Palestinians strikeHamas calls for new Palestinian intifada against Israel
Erdoğan, Putin to discuss Trump’s Jerusalem declaration
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan and his Russian counterpart Vladimir Putin will hold a phone conversation later on Thursday to discuss U.S. President Donald Trump’s Jerusalem declaration, according to Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov. Addressing journalists, Peskov said that Putin will call President Erdoğan later in the evening to discuss the issue, noting that U.S. President Donald Trump's recognition of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel has complicated the situation in the Middle East and is causing a split in the international community.Video: Erdoğan: Trump’s Jerusalem step ‘will throw the region into a ring of fire'U.S. President Donald Trump announced Wednesday the recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and the relocation of the U.S. Embassy from Tel Aviv despite widespread international opposition.Jerusalem remains at the core of the Israel-Palestine conflict, with Palestinians hoping that East Jerusalem -- now occupied by Israel -- might serve as the capital of a future Palestinian state. Ahead of his election last year, Trump repeatedly promised to relocate the U.S. Embassy to Jerusalem.Kremlin says Trump's Jerusalem decision is splitting international communityUK's Johnson says Trump's recognition of Jerusalem not helpfulHamas calls for new Palestinian intifada against Israel
Clashes between Israeli troops, Palestinian protesters in West Bank, Gaza
Seventeen people were wounded by Israeli army gunfire, medics said, when Palestinian protests erupted in the occupied West Bank and the Gaza Strip on Thursday after the United States recognized Jerusalem as Israel's capital.In the West Bank cities of Hebron and Al-Bireh, thousands of demonstrators rallied with chants of "Jerusalem is the capital of the State of Palestine", witnesses said. Some Palestinians threw stones at soldiers.One protester was hit by live fire and another 14 by rubber bullets, medics said. A military spokeswoman said soldiers had used "riot-dispersal gear" against hundreds of rock-throwers.In the Gaza Strip, dozens of protesters gathered near the border fence with Israel. Two protesters were wounded by live fire, one was in a critical condition, medics said.Palestinian authorities called a general uprising in protest at U.S. President Donald Trump's announcement about Jerusalem on Wednesday.Trump announced his decision despite widespread international opposition to formally recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital on WednesdayJerusalem remains at the core of the Israel-Palestine conflict, with Palestinians hoping that East Jerusalem, now occupied by Israel, might eventually serve as the capital of a future Palestinian state.During his election campaign last year, Trump repeatedly promised to relocate the U.S. embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem.Video: Erdoğan: Trump’s Jerusalem step ‘will throw the region into a ring of fire'Kremlin says Trump's Jerusalem decision is splitting international communityPalestine’s Islamic Jihad calls on Arabs to shun IsraelHamas calls for new Palestinian intifada against Israel