In the latest attempt by Washington to leave Turkey defenseless, U.S. Department of State spokesperson Heather Nauert said on Tuesday at a press briefing that the S-400 missile defense system Turkey is due to purchase from Russia was not compatible with NATO standards.
“One of the things that we want is it’s important for NATO countries to have military equipment that’s considered interoperable with the NATO systems, with the systems that NATO nations currently have. A Russian system, if Turkey were to buy these S-400s, as is being reported, that would not meet that standard, so that would of course be a concern of ours,” said Nauert.
“It would be inconsistent with the statement – the commitments made by allies at the Warsaw Summit that is supposed to enhance resilience by working to address existing dependencies on Russian-sourced legacy military equipment through some of our national efforts,” she added.
Russia is ready to deliver S-400s to Turkey
After months of closed-door meetings between Moscow and Ankara regarding the S-400 missile systems deal, Dmitry Shugayev said that the two countries would soon reach an agreement regarding the finer details of the deal.“The sale of the S-400 air defense systems to Turkey is ready for delivery. Of course, the S-400 contract with Turkey is not a simple rifle sales contract. We are talking about a serious system. Hence there are certain delicate parts of the subject. Moscow and Ankara will soon reach an agreement on the final touches that need to be resolved,” Shugayev said in a statement to the Kommersant newspaper.“Allies across the ocean are opposed to Turkey’s decision. However, Turkey is an independent country, and makes its own decision whether to buy a product or not,” he added in response to the U.S. reaction to the deal.Turkish publication “Hürriyet” reported that in a press statement Shugayev delivered two days ago, he said, “This agreement is suitable for Russia’s geopolitical and strategic interests. Nobody should doubt this.”
In an interview with the TASS news agency, Vladimir Kojin, an advisor to Russian President Vladimir Putin who is in charge of the military-technical business association, announced that Russia and Turkey are signing and implementing the contract for the delivery of S-400 missile systems.
The U.S. previously rejected the purchase with the objective of hindering the agreement. U.S. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Joseph Dunford had said that Turkey purchasing the air defense system “would be a concern.”
Turkey has always faced obstructions in its search for defense alternatives. The most recent example is the long-range air defense system bid. During the negotiations with the Chinese company CPMIEC, it was revealed that the U.S. made various excuses and threats to ensure the cancellation of the bid.
Stating that the Russian S-400 missiles would not be integrated into NATO’s network, Turkey, as a NATO member, signed a cooperation agreement with its NATO allies France and Italy, in order to meet its national defense system requirements. However, this alternative was also not sufficient for the United States. The latest statements from Washington indicate that the U.S. wants to leave Turkey defenseless, with their attempts to obstruct Turkey.
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erodğan returning from an official visit to Astana stated, “As far as I know, our officials made the down payment. The next process will continue with a loan to be transferred from Russia to us. Both [Russian] President Putin and I are determined on this issue.”
He also said that no one has the right to discuss the Republic of Turkey’s principles or decisions of independence regarding its defense industry or defense in general.
Turkey finalizes S-400 deal with Russia
Aleksandr Miheyev, General Manager of Russian state arms export company Rosoboroneksport, said the contract for the sales of the S-400 missile defense system to Turkey had been signed.Although the final signatures were put down, “the contract has not yet come into force,” said Miheyev at a press conference in Moscow.Consultations between Turkey and Russia regarding the S-400 missile defense systems are ongoing, he added.“We are working on some technical details,” Miheyev said.President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan had previously announced that the contract for the S-400 Turkey is purchasing from Russia had been signed.
“We make our own decisions regarding our independence; we are obliged to take protection and security measures to defend our country. In the case that we have difficulty in procuring means of defense, and face obstacles many times, we will take care of ourselves,” he concluded.
The S-400 system was introduced in 2007 and can carry three types of missiles capable of destroying ground and air targets, including ballistic and cruise missiles.
It can track and engage up to 300 targets simultaneously and has an altitude ceiling of 27 kilometers (17 miles).
S-400s to be stationed in Turkey’s east and west
The first phase is the shipping of the two S-4oo missiles from Russia to Turkey. One system will be deployed in Turkey’s east against possible threats from Syria and Iran, and the other in the west against a Greek threat. The new S-400s will be manufactured in Turkey.FIRST SHIPMENT IN 2018Turkey put forward a bilateral model due to balance policies in its requirement for a long-range air defense system. The partnership agreement was signed with NATO members France and Italy in order to meet the requirement which costs billions of dollars with domestic manufacture. In the meantime, Turkey came to an agreement with Russia for the direct procurement regarding this urgent necessity. Technology transfer was also considered in the agreement with Russia. As per the two-stage agreement with Russia, Turkey will purchase two S-400 missiles directly, and the other two missile launchers will be manufactured in Turkey with a technology transfer. The first S-400 shipment from Russia is expected in 2018.S-400 to increaseTurkey’s deterrenceErdoğan says Western agents will be eradicated, slams Western interferenceErdoğan: Purchasing S-400 from Russia not 'worrying'
S-400 to increase
The signing of the S-400 Triumph sales agreement and its procurement will contribute greatly to Turkey’s defense, Defense Industry Researcher Turan Oğuz said in a statement. Oğuz, stating that Turkey will gain a modern long-range and high altitude defense capability for the first time and in a prominent area, depending on the number of systems to be purchased, added: “Moreover, we will be able to prevent ballistic missiles for the first time. It has been claimed that it is effective against the MRBM (a ballistic missile with a range of between 1,000 and 3,000 km), as written it the manufacturer company’s catalogs, it is considered to be effective against the SRBM (a ballistic missile with a range of about 1,000 kilometers); although this has never been confirmed by test results. However, in the case that the system is not integrated into NATO’s radar network, the addition of this feature could be problematic.Erdoğan says Western agents will be eradicated, slams Western interferenceHere we mention a superiority that is military-based, but has political and diplomatic results. For instance, thanks to an S-400 battery that we would place on our border, we could observe the target country’s aerial activities up to 600 kilometers in depth, could engage, and in other words ‘lock on’ to its air targets up to a minimum 400 kilometers in depth. This would, in the event of any dispute with a neighboring country, create a no-entry zone for them, even rendering their flying objects insecure. Under today’s conditions, the risk of prevention from 400 kilometers would limit surprise air strike alternatives. We will have a psychological and tactical advantage over our opponents.”Field experience to contribute to national systemOğuz pointed out that the S-400 is a system which was chosen for an urgent purchase, as indicated in previous official statements.The national long-range missile and air defense system development project will continue with the technical support of the European anti-air missile manufacturer EUROSAM, Oğuz said. US attempts to blackmailTurkey“Therefore, at least the relevant S-400s will be produced without our contribution, and deployed in Turkey. Then, Russian technicians will provide operational and limited maintenance training for our personnel in charge. Thus, it is more correct to mention operation and limited maintenance capability rather than development and manufacturing. That is to say, Turkey, for the first time, will gain the capability to use a long-range air defense system produced in a country which [Russia] is not a NATO member. Thanks to the field experience we will gain after it is operated, we will be able to provide feedback for our own national systems that we will develop in the future.”Regarding the statements that the S-400 will not be integrated into NATO’s network: “In this case, the system will run standalone. This limits its performance. However, even though S-400 systems do not have this capability, they will be integrated to our national radar network and early warning and command and control system in the long term. Thus, it will be able to operate in a network centric structure which is consolidated to our national missile and air defense systems in days to come,” said Oğuz.Erdoğan: Purchasing S-400 from Russia not 'worrying'Turkey’s urgent needTurkey’s need of a long-range air defense system was first brought forward with the 1991 Gulf War, Defense Policy Researcher Arda Mevlütoğlu said.Mevlütoğlu stated that until then, Turkey’s air defense was essentially shaped with Nike Hercules’ missiles and fighter jets which were purchased by the aid of NATO, against the Soviet’s heavy bombardment airplanes. However, after Scud missiles Iraq had launched at its neighbors, ballistic missiles started posing a more serious threat. Various attempts to meet this need were never concluded, and the Chinese system was selected in 2013 in the bid which was initiated in 2006, Mevlütoğlu noted. The negotiations remained inconclusive, and this project was cancelled in 2015. Therefore, studies were recently once again initiated to develop a national defense system. Regarding this, Mevlütoğlu reminisced that a coordination agreement was recently signed with EUROSAM for the project’s foreign support.Erdoğan: Gulf tour, an important step to establish a climate of securityConsidering the developments in the region, Turkey is in need of an urgent system, and the supply of the S-400s has become a current issue, Mevlütoğlu added. He also said that the S-400 is the most advanced air defense system that Russia now manufactures and has in stock.“Efficient defense requires a national resolution”“Turkey’s current air defense system operates as fully-integrated into NATO’s network. This system includes all types of air defense weapons and radar systems and command and control centers. If the S-400 is not integrated into this network, as it will operate standalone, its efficiency and ranges of target acquisition, identification and interception will be relatively limited. However, that being said, the system can be pretty deterrent. However, we should wait until a national air defense system is developed particularly against cruise and ballistic missiles.” Pentagon dodges SDF ‘rebranding’ question
US attempts to blackmail
While Turkey is preparing to sign an agreement with Russia for the S-400 missile in quest of a long-range air defense system, the United States once again comes into play with the objective of hindering the agreement. The U.S.’s objection to this purchase, which is crucial for the security of Turkey’s air space, is not considered as well-intentioned, taking past experiences into consideration. The United States was revealed to have raised various difficulties as Turkey’s negotiated with the Chinese company that won the bid for long-range air defense. The U.S. first laid its NATO card on the table, and when that didn’t work, they threatened by claiming that that company was on the “black list”. The conditions imposed by the United States who offered to sell the Patriot antiaircraft missile were shocking. Erdoğan: Purchasing S-400 from Russia not 'worrying'DUNFORD’s INTERESTING STATEMENTAn agreement has been reached with Russia regarding the technical studies on the S-400 air defense system. While the negotiations were finalizing, NATO started with its opposition. “They [Turkey] have not bought the S-400 air defense system from Russia. That would be a concern, were they to do that, but they have not done that ” the U.S. Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Joseph Dunford said Saturday. Turkey tries to overcome NATO’s obstructions by using the Russian missile within its own national air network, instead of integrating it into NATO’s network.US THREATS REGARDING CHINESE MISSILEWhile Turkey has received no answer from its NATO allies regarding Turkey meeting its long-range air defense system needs so far, the country has always faced obstructions in search of alternatives. The most recent example is the long-range air defense system bid, which was annulled after China emerged victorious. During the negotiations with the Chinese company CPMIEC, it was revealed that the United States made various excuses and threats to ensure the cancellation of the bid. Pentagon dodges SDF ‘rebranding’ questionINTEGRATION INTO NATO PREVENTEDAccording to reports, U.S. military authorities started pressuring Turkey so that this missile would not be integrated into NATO’s air network, right after Turkey signed an agreement with China. Turkey, in the presence of this claim, reciprocated by saying that the S-300 missiles of Greece have been integrated into NATO, and have carried out NATO missions. Following the persistence of the U.S. authorities, Turkey emphasized that the Chinese missile would not be integrated into NATO, and if necessary, and would be used within the national air network. However, this was not enough to convince Turkey’s ally, and the United States turned up the pressure. After a while, the U.S. made its final move, and told Turkey that the Chinese CPMIEC, which signed a long-range missile agreement with Turkey, had laundered money. Furthermore, they threatened Turkey saying that the U.S. may “investigate, and even punish Turkey regarding this, should Turkey enter into an agreement with this company”.US to leave Turkey defenselessTurkey, stipulating the technology transfer and joint production model in meeting its long-range air defense system, did not accept the United States’ offer. Turkey tried to solve the problem with diplomacy, and the bid was cancelled. After other NATO states did not lean toward cooperation, Turkey decided to produce its own national system, and initiated its research. However, Turkey had to meet its needs in a short time due to the rising threat from the Syrian border, and difficulties created by NATO in deploying Patriot at Turkish border.'Germany aside, Turkey will pursue defense projects'THE US UP TO ITS OLD TRICKS AGAINIn terms of providing the long-range air defense system quickly, a two phase plan has been activated, direct procurement being the first, and joint production the second. To this end, Russia and Turkey agreed during negotiations. Stating that the Russian S-400 missiles would not be integrated into NATO’s network, Turkey, as a NATO member, signed a cooperation agreement with its NATO allies France and Italy, in order to meet its national defense system requirements. However, this alternative was also not sufficient for the United States. The latest statements of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff caused doubts that the same play might be staged. It is estimated that the United States wants to leave Turkey defenseless, with their attempts to obstruct Turkey.US offers to sell PatriotPreventing Turkey from purchasing a long-range missile, the United States agreed to sell the Patriot air defense system to Turkey. However, it did not make any discounts on the system, which is far more pricy compared to China’s offer. Moreover, the U.S. clearly denied Turkey’s demand of a technology transfer, and demanded a guarantee that Turkish engineers under no circumstances would interfere with the system. If the United States sold Patriot to Turkey, the batteries of Patriot, which costs billions of dollars, would be returned to the U.S. after its tenure, regardless of whether they were used or not, and Turkey would purchase a completely new system. As in the case with all defense systems, Turkey would have to inform the U.S. about where the Patriot missile was launched, and against whom it was used. The U.S. soldiers would also visit Turkey to count the missiles at certain intervals.